and cremated human bone (028) was uncovered sitting in the northeast end. The bones had also been similarly subjected to a fairly marked degree of cracking, twisting and curved lateral splintering. Prior to excavation, the cairn had a maximum height of 0.5m and was only visible in close proximity. Of note was the recovery of a Middle Bronze Age copper alloy rapier (see The Rapier) from within Zone 1 (Fig 7). The evaluation confirmed the suspected clearance cairns to be exactly that; their age could not, however, be ascertained. Its modern origins were inferred from the fact that its character differed markedly from the parent cairn material: the deposit was only moderately compacted, with no regular pattern of deposition evident amongst the stone component and residual lenses of topsoil (001) occurring on a regular basis. The underlying geology consists of till from the Devensian epoch over Swanshaw Sandstone Formation from the Devonian and Silurian periods. The orangey-brown matrix supporting the stone within the lower cairn fabric (018), was more reflective of subsoil (002). For clarity of description and ease of understanding, the extent of the cairn was divided into four zones (Zones 1–4), each separated by baulks which were removed at a late stage of the excavations (see Fig 3). In addition to books, recent volumes of the journal have reviewed new museums, exhibitions and research on Scotland published in periodical literature. The handle were simple, literally a handle. Dr Kenneth Brophy (University of Glasgow)Prof Jane Downes (University of Highlands and Islands)Professor Stephen Driscoll (University of Glasgow)Dr Philip Freeman (University of Liverpool)Dr Sally Foster (University of Stirling)Prof Niall Sharples (University of Cardiff). It was nonetheless possible to establish that the midrib was rounded in section and to identify five grooves flanking each side of the midrib on both sides. Two of these <05> and <06> from the topsoil were microblades, each with a retouched notch associated with a shallow retouch edges (on the same edge and opposed respectively). The remains were subsequently weighed using scales accurate to 0.1 gram. Such artefacts are more often found in wet places such as peat bogs where they have been placed as votive deposits, so the discovery of an isolated specimen in close association with a burial monument of broadly comparable date is of immense significance. By positioning the cairn slightly off the summit, views would have been partially obscured from the north, but it would have been visible from the south and southeast. Light grey/beige or white colouring occurs with temperatures in excess of 645°C (Mays, 1998, 217). 17 of the sherds are decorated. Three other finds by metal detectorists … Key: *=<10, **=10–29, ***=30–100, ****=>100, weight given in grams in brackets. A date for this development sometime in the later 17th early 16th century BC appears most likely, but there is no clear dividing line between daggers, dirks and rapiers. The excavation formed the culmination of a series of works which began with a Historic Environment Appraisal (Rees and Turner 2013), which identified three historic environment assets within the area of the quarry extension. Excavation instead showed that the lower cairn material and the cists and features beneath remained untouched. Its displacement sadly removed any chance we may have had at establishing its chronological and spatial relationship with cairn and burials; it may, for example, have accompanied a cist or burial incorporated into the upper cairn material and subsequently destroyed. Instead it may merely reflect a late manifestation of a practice later supplanted by the deposition of fine weaponry in rivers and wet places. The other miscellaneous contexts consisted of single bones or very small deposits, from which very little information could be extracted. Rather, they may have comprised solitary standing stones incorporated into the cairn. Findings from other cist burial sites in Scotland also show variation in their final contents: some contain no grave goods or cremated remains, while over half of those with cremated remains which were excavated in antiquity were backfilled with soil while others were only partially filled or not filled at all (Hunter 2000). Bronze Age Bronze British Rapier - Lot No. There was also a small amount of cremated human bone (see below) recovered, perhaps representing part of a burial, subsequently destroyed through later disturbance. This was followed by an archaeological evaluation in April 2015 (Gordon 2015): this comprised an 8% evaluation of the ground and the targeted investigation of several probable clearance cairns. 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