Plum Variety Trials European, Asian and hybrid plums can all be grown successfully in our area. These are commonly called European plums (P. domestica) and Japanese plums (P. salicina), advises Texas A&M Extension. Stanley plums are excellent for fresh eating, canning, preserves and drying. These sweet plums have light orangey-amber flesh that covers a small pit. (45 kg) of medium-sized fruits. ‘Black Beauty’ is another type of Japanese plum that has bright yellow flesh and dark, deep purple-red skin. The flesh is so soft and juicy that some say it’s almost like drinking juice. European plums (Prunus domestica) are generally the easiest to grow, and a wide range of these firm-fleshed, freestone types are available for home gardeners. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. The greengage plum is one of the few green varieties of plums when they are ripe. aka European Plum An excellent, early eating, European plum with oval, medium sized dark bluish black fruit. Hints of tartness from the black skin combined with the sweetness of the beet-colored flesh make these plums a variety to look for. ‘Friar’ plums are popular large Japanese plums with sweet, juicy flesh. Search AC Nursery. Japanese plums are the most common fresh plum available for sale due to a longer shelf life than European plums. Damsons are especially hardy and have a spicy, tart flavour and are good cooked and jammed. Maturity Chart. 4. These three varieties are suitable for USDA zones 5 through 9. The difference between these two cultivars is skin and flesh color. 'Aylesbury Prune' (syn. If the plums are still hard and unripe, you can put them in a paper bag at room temperature to speed up the ripening time. AVALON PLUM TREE. Greengage plum trees blossom in spring, and the bumper crops are ready by late summer and early fall. Prune these trees more severely. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. If it is just slightly soft, it is ready for eating. Best Plum Tree Varieties When it comes to growing plums in Alabama, Japanese plums are better grown in the South than European dessert plums. Fruit is small to medium, sometimes with a light blush skin. If your area is not subject to early spring frost, a Japanese variety may be the best choice... European Plum Varieties. What is a European plum? Its fruit ripens in September and is freestone, with good flavor when eaten fresh, dried or canned. A new variety of plum which in most areas is more than a match for most other varieties. Types of Bananas: Delicious and Nutritious Banana Varieties From Around the World (Including Picture... Types of Dates: Delicious Varieties of Date Fruit From Around the World (With Pictures and Names), Types of Cabbage: Delicious Cabbage Varieties (Including Pictures and Names), Types of Plums: Black, Red, and More Varieties (With Pictures) – Including Plumcots, Apriums, and Pluots, Types of Peaches: Freestone, Clingstone and More, Types of Citrus Fruits With their Picture and Classification, Types of Cherries: Varieties of Sweet and Tart (Sour) Cherries. Your climate and preference for fruit color and flavor are important deciding factors in choosing the best variety of plum for your home orchard. The maroon skins on this plum variety tend to be firm and tough with a sour flavor. 'Bucks Prune', 'Michaelmas Prune'), is similar to the Shropshire Prune and possibly part of the same landrace. Some popular cultivars are ‘Blue Violet,’ ‘Shropshire Prune,’ Common Damson,’ and ‘Frogmore.’. The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. You can bite into the sweet flavorsome flesh and the stone comes away fairly easily. Unlike many other varieties of plums, damsons are high in sugar with an astringent taste. But plums are not about color; they have everything to do with the time of year, great flavor and the names that identify them. Dark red to purple mottled skin covers sweet juicy red flesh that has a firm texture. Plums are delicious fruits that grow on trees and are classified in the genus Prunus. Satsuma plums are a Japanese variety of medium to small red round plums. Below is a list of our Japanese plum variety offerings. In fact, the most disease-resistant and hardy plums for Alabama are those made from complex hybridization among European, Japanese and native American plum species. The skin of these sweet plums is dark violet, and the waxy coating gives them a smoky appearance. Early Midseason. Although many plums are freestone, this is a clingstone plum. (230 g) and measure a whopping 3” (7.5 cm) across. ‘Black Beauty’ plums have an excellent balance of sweetness with only hints of tartness. This juicy plum has reddish-black skin that surrounds yellow flesh. Early to midseason harvest. All plums are excellent when eaten fresh, but European types tend to have a higher sugar content, making them the best choice if you want to sun-dry fruits and keep them for long periods. This plum variety is classified as a Japanese plum variety, and they taste delicious when eaten fresh. Does a Satsuma Plum Need Cross-Pollination? Eat fresh or use for preserves. If your area is not subject to early spring frost, a Japanese variety may be the best choice for you. Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Methley plum, a good pollinator, both for itself and for other plum varieties. This is a good option if you are looking for the sweetest plum variety. ‘Santa Rosa’ plums are drupes that have reddish-purple skin with juicy strawberry-colored flesh. That’s the one I would plant if I could have a plum tree where I live. You will find out about the best plums for eating fresh and about the ones that are tastiest in cooked and baked food. This type of sweet Japanese plum has dark red to purple mottled skin and … These sweet plums have a wonderful balance between sweetness and tartness. The Shropshire Prune was also the best-known variety of damson plum in the United States. One of the most popular types of black Japanese plums is the ‘Black Ruby’ cultivar. Many of the fresh plums sold in stores and supermarkets are types of Japanese black plums. According to Jim Kratz at Tuscola Conservation District's U. S. Department of Agriculture Service Center, the Shiro plum is one of the best plums available. Plums come in three distinct types, European, Japanese and American species. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. The crop is ready for picking in late August, and the trees usually produce a bumper crop. (Harvest dates are approximate … Juicy and aromatic; sweet rich, plum-like taste. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Types of Lemons: Lemon Varieties with Pictures From Around the World. Even with its firm amber-colored flesh, this plum has a sweet flavor. Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. Try Fantasia, Redgold, or Flavortop to start, then move to other varieties if these do well. The dark, smokey skin has hues of purple and light blue that covers dark amber flesh. Japanese Varieties. Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) It is self-fruitful and produces especially large, reddish plums with sweet yellow flesh. 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