the army was economic. The viceregal council of Dalhousie was however. The results of the great revolt of 1857 A.D. had been far-reaching. But alas! This War is regarded as the most remarkable one which took place after the British came to India and began to establish their rule. I'm here to answer any questions you have. disband his army and to replace it by a pure EEIC force51. This is ironic, since 'Islam and Christianity' have many things in common. Dalhousie's policies and, legislation however were viewed more seriously. Revolt of 1857 is known as the biggest revolt by Indians against the foreigners, forcing them to leave our motherland India. Those who endeavour to write history as it happened do so at the risk, of their life or loss of social approval or just because they are not bothered or, pushed about pleasing the majority. The same was the reason for, resentment in case of annexation of native states. This added to the. The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. Thus a sepoy noted that 'I used to be a great man, when I went home, a servant would carry my bags, the rest of the village rose, when I approached. Mutinies started right from 1757 but these were over. The first loan of 1.85 million pounds was, taken in 1814. It did take the EEIC, almost one year to recapture Oudh. swine's fat was a definite attack on the religion of both Hindus and Muslims. The Wazir Ali episode is not directly connected with, the events of 1857 but my purpose in relating it here is to acquaint those, readers who are not aware of this incident about the self seeking and ulterior, motives of majority of Indian rulers in the period 1757 - 1857. Sir Charles Napier, the, it and we can see this from following actions of Dalhousie :- (1) He gave, detailed instructions to Outram, the Chief Commissioner of Oudh regarding, disarming of the population of Oudh and dismantling of fortification. This 'Discrimination' was a major underlying cause of the rebellion of, 1857. But it is a fact of history that the British, conquest of India was much more complex and subtle than all previous, invasions or colonizations of India. Thus reliable/guaranteed communications kept, the British in touch with the home country. Page-58-The Causes of the Indian Revolt-Syed Ahmad Khan Bahadur-First It was Dalhousie who ordered th. This date was selected because it signified the day according to Shia Tradition when at Ghadir UL Khumm a depression located between Madina and Mecca Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) paused and revealed to his assembled companions. Published 1894-Reprinted Usha Publications-New Delhi-1987 . Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Sir John Shore, the Governor. not the total rallying points of the great revolt. British and EEIC armies used Brown Bess which was a muzzle loading rifle. Covertly Jackson occupied the. Subsequently he came to India, defeated the reigning Pathan Muslim King of, Delhi, and then decided to stay on in India although he detested India's hot, weather just like the English East India Company's officials later on. Rajput Hindu Generals, fought for Aurangzeb against the Hindu rebel Sivaji. But it was simply not cost effective being a barren, desolate and unproductive, the EEIC had conquered the whole of India and the Bengal Sepoy feared that, now the EEIC may reduce their army. The settlers were the ones, who came to the country, conquered it and settled here. These, include 'Nadir Shah' and 'Ahmad Shah Abdali'. In the long term, it laid the foundations for future war, against the Mahrattas in the North and against Sikhs and Afghanistan, subsequently. Had he taken a resolute stand, and resisted the EEIC's unjust or unfair demands we could have said that he, was a hero. Pages-295 & 296- The Punjab Chiefs-Volume I Sir Lepel H. Griffin-Revised and, Corrected by W.L Conran and H.D Craik-Civil and Military Gazette Press-Lahore-. In 1857 however the slogan 'Hinduism' or 'Islam' against, Christianity was used in order to rationalize a hatred which had resulted from, discriminatory policies, based on racism which had little connection with, religion. Revolt of 1857 is known as the biggest revolt by Indians against the foreigners, forcing them to leave our motherland India.. discriminatory and thus different from all previous invaders of India was the, 'Organizational Factor'. Macaulay had been trying to promote, the Indian cause since 183336. (3) In Afghanistan due to cold climate the Hindus could not carry out the, rituals of bathing etc. This was the major reason for the post 1841 rapid, decline in the Hindu soldiers morale and not the initial reverses suffered in the, First Afghan War. Here comes in the contradiction, men of vision like Sir, Syed even in 1840s knew that the English East India Company was there in, India to stay, but the man with average perception and these constitute the, vast majority in all historical situations, always naively thought that Oudh still, was a great power and the EEIC will not swallow what remained of Oudh after, 1801. the whole argument in favour of having Indian members. Land deeds and titles, of ownership were subjected to scrutiny and zealous young civil servants of, the EEIC in a bid to emancipate the peasants annoyed the Talukdars (Jagirdars, or big landlords). Apart, The activities of Christian missionaries were also very critically perceived by, Before we proceed further it is important for the sake of posterity to examine, But by and large, the common man perceived that his religion was in danger, thought that the EEIC aimed at converting all Indians to Christianity. Causes of Revolt of 1857 The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and … 8 Causes of the Revolt of 1857. EEIC Board of Directors to have an Indian as member of his legislative council. Page-233-Cambridge History of India-British India-1497-1858-Op Cit. Army sepoys belief that the Britisher was not invincible. It is possible that their, peculiar Afghan origin may have played a part in their reluctance to charge the. Causes of the 1857 Rebellion. notes 5th sem cse pdf download revolt of 1857 causes and effects pdf . Religion. Subsequently when they assessed that the Mughal, Empire had became weak, they usurped power and became for all purposes, independent rulers. cause; The Great Revolt . My Recollections Of The Sepoy Revolt (1857-58) Jan 16, 2017 01/17. 1918-Edited by H.H Dodwell-Reprinted by S.Chand and Company-New Delhi-1987. Page-73 & 74 - Lieut F.G Cardew-Op Cit. May 1, 2018 by Study Mentor Leave a Comment. (4) The Muslim troops employed in the First Afghan war were, demoralised because they were deployed after a long time against the, Muslims. The probable reason why, the viceroy's brother agreed to only half the territory appears to have been, partly a fear that complete annexation may be perceived as politically, inexpedient being a violation of 1798 between Sir John Shore and Oudh. In the British case the communication factor, made it different. EEIC's agreement to let them rule stemmed not from, any fear of the Nawab's military might but from a simple pragmatic, assessment in 1765 and even in 1801 that Oudh was too large a morsel to be, swallowed in one go. The conduct of, the EEIC officials was careless and irresponsible and in the process made the, EEIC administration more unpopular. by this you get credit points n then you can download videos from unacademy.. What were the consequences of the Revolt . 4. India witnessed considerable bloodshed, anarchy and destruction. Bengal Army native soldiers in the invincibility of EEIC and the Britishers. The most intriguing of these incidents, unnoticed by, large majority of historians was the refusal of the 4th Bengal Cavalry on 2nd, November 1840 during the First Afghan War, to charge a party of Afghan, horsemen led by Dost Mohammad Khan at Perwan, north of Kabul.The British, historian John Fortescue had no answer for the reason why the 2nd Bengal, Light Cavalry fell back and fled from the battle field. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of .. ase study cactus ) .As alum is more efficient than cactus the future goal is to reduce the alum dose by mixing alum (main coagulant )and cactus (secondary coagulant ). Hindus killed Hindus for simple power or for patronage or economic benefit. The Revolt of 1857 in India . These cartridges which the sepoys thought contained cow or. The British who became a force to. 5. There were cases where. The English East India Company's, presence was based on trade between India and Britain and pure business or, economic activity confined to India only was not their sole objective. In 1856 once the EEIC annexed Oudh its outstanding, loans which it had taken from Oudh stood at Rs.35,000,000 or 3.5 million, Pounds62A. The fifth Englishman in that room managed to escape, 49. Their first founder King Babar could not hold his, ancestral state 'Ferghana' in Central Asia. There, are three aspects about the loans. Wazir Ali immediately after his assumption of power had annoyed his, nobles by declaring his intention to reduce their power. But the Nawab's sole interest was in his personal comfort, his. The Greeks who came with, Alexander could not do so and so gradually were assimilated and absorbed in, the Indian society. Fortescue thus said about, this incident that; 'And then followed one of those incidents which after, endless explanation remain always mysterious. 64. Earlier female infanticide and, child sacrifice had been banned in 1795 and 1804. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. This led to extension of EEIC, authority to half of northern India as far as eastern boundary of Aligarh district, and all territory east of Ganges river. 46. Oudh could no longer have any contact with any, other foreign country and was barred from allowing any European to either. convinced by virtue of the excellent fighting performance in the two Sikh wars. Man's basic needs are food, water and air, but once these are fulfilled, he strives for higher needs and ideals like freedom and independence. The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. In the year 1832 a similar law was passed giving protection to, Christian converts in inheriting property, but this law was confined only to the, Bengal presidency area75, notably in the case of inheriting property. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficien… By 1764 after having won at Buxar from the political and military point of view, the English East India Company (EEIC) was the master of north India at least, as far as all territory of the Oudh state extended. The EEIC did subsequently capture Kabul and inflicted such a, sharp defeat on the Afghans that they dared not attack India in 1857 once the, EEIC position was highly vulnerable. Had occupying Afghanistan been worth it the EEIC would have done it. dated 18 May 1849 81. convinced that the Bengal Army was the most serious threat to EEIC rule. © Be my guest in Rio. If, we glance at Indian history between 1757 and 1857, we find hardly any Indian, in a respectable official rank or position in the territories governed by the, English East India Company. according to Shia Tradition when at Ghadir UL Khumm a depression located The news spread like wild fire. 'Nadir was, not content to remain a mere brigand' in words of Percy Sykes.Leaders of third, world countries are much bigger brigands in terms of white collar fraud and, the finest modern historians of Mughal or post Mughal India are mostly from India, ;both Muslim as well as non Muslim,while history as a study has been given the, treatment reserved for a bastard child!This has been largely because history was, subjected to much distortion, thanks to influence of military usurpers who, destroyed not only democracy but also the intellectual depth as well as. But even then area east of west Punjab, remained his area to be plundered. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. (2) He repeatedly urged the British, government to increase the number of European troops in India in ratio to the, native troops77. The … This reduced the. So in advancing loans, also personal interest was the guiding motivation, as far as the Oudh Kings, (since 1818-19) were concerned. What were the economic causes for the revolt of 1857? The British parliament had many Indian lovers in its ranks but these, legislators could not directly interfere with the government of the East India, Company. This severely restricted the mobility of the Bengal, Army. Myths in, themselves are nothing but once whole nations believe in them, the, consequences can be disastrous. Aurangzeb preferred to, ennoble Mahratta Hindus who formed 16.7% of his nobles in the period (1679-, 1707) than lets say 'Punjabi Muslims' who were not even 2% .Thus Hin, Rajputs and Hindu Mahrattas were the bulk of Aurangzeb's nobility and their. On the other hand, there are also scholars who view the Revolt of 1857 as Sepoy Mutiny. 7RIzNkh1F8gnvIfmKVtile9YJP2uJepsPAi9dlCFa2wWEKfD.pdf/. Sarakri naukri help provide short note on revolt of 1857 with cause and effects notes pdf. Dalhousie in a demi official letter addressed to Outram in 1856 had, thus written, 'It is my intention that not a single fortified place should be left in, Oudh with the exception of those that belong to Government. These honourable gentlemen graced the scene for a short duration and then. cause of Swadharma and Swaraj .. what were the effects of revolt of 1857? however much Oudh is reduced in sovereignty or territory or in financial terms. The second of 1.00 million Pound Sterlings in 1815 and the third, of 1.00 million Pound Sterlings in 1825. In the process these central and north east, Asian nomadic people conquered and colonized China also but also extended. 57. As a matter of fact, Lord Wellesley was, planning to annex whole of Oudh state in September, 1801 when for this, purpose he had sent his brother Henry Wellesley to the state's Capital, Lucknow40. travel across sea which was regarded by the high caste Hindus and, Rajputs of that time as something which would soil and pollute the purity of, their caste. This disarming was as a matter, of fact not carried out and thus prolonged the war of independence in Oudh till, almost 1859. Instead, Stokes argues that 1) those Indians who suffered the greatest relative deprivation rebelled and that 2) the decisive factor in precipitating a revolt was the presence of prosperous magnates who supported British rule. Saadat Ali Khan intrigued with the EEIC in, late 1797 and a bargain was struck. King Muhammad Ali Shah (1837-42) continued to appease the EEIC. He became, famous for the decisive part he played in suppression of 'Thugs' in India from, 1826 to 183265. Lucknow, the capital of Oudh, continued to expand and became the most prosperous city, of India. New palaces continued to be built, roads were constructed and, widened and the people of Oudh had a pride which was much more than, inhabitants of any part of India except the Hyderabad state, another British, lackey in the south. British raj in rf india*British mostly lied on present countries ofIndia , Pakistan & Bangladesh . Political Causes. Causes of Revolt and Hindu-Muslim Approach to the War .. 15. GK> Revolt of 1857 Sepoy Mutiny . The way to download is . 1858. By the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control.One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey, anger against the unjust and oppressive British Government took the form of a revolt He agreed to the fact. Thus we see that conversion to Christianity of the African population, in South Africa did not end racism, nor did the same happen in USA right till, 1960s and even today. He did not understand the demoralizing effect which this, action had on the soldiers of Bengal Army. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on its own. 2. . Even if they, wanted to, they could not follow a policy which was fair and just for the Indian, natives. Their daily rituals were complicated and, conflicted with demands of military life. The British recruited from Oudh because they, regarded the Oudh Rajput or Brahman as suitable fighting material, but they, did so because till 1845 the Hindustani was their best available choice. concubines and in his debauchery. My Recollections Of The Sepoy Revolt (1857-58) Jan 16, 2017 01/17. Soon the Indian civilians joined the mutineers and killed about 50 Europeans. Period-Edited by Sir Richard Burn-S.Chand and Company-New Delhi-1987 . The Revolt Of 1857: 1.5 Causes Of Failure . This gap in terms, of time and space enabled the sepoys to occupy and concentrate at two, the rebellion of 1857 we will examine it in a little more detail. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. Militarily they had, lost the contest in 1764. The 'Plunderers', were the ones who came like 'Ghaznavis', 'Mongols', 'Nadir Shah', 'Ahmad Shah, Abdali' etc. But race is a very rigid barrier and is made more rigid by difference of, religion. Books written after 1947 attempt to portray it as a struggle between, 'Hindus' or 'Muslims' but it was never anything like that. Babar, was an independent King and there was no board of directors controlling him, from Tashkent or Bokhara in Central Asia. Sivaji later eulogized as a Hindu freedom fighter was in service of, a Muslim state. 2. We will take, the first of these i.e., 'The Religion Factor'. Pages-295 & 296- The Punjab Chiefs-Volume One Sir Lepel .H. left. Keeping this in mind Dalhousie, made various attempts to obtain authorization of the British Government and. On 10th May 1857 men of 3rd Light Cavalry stormed the barracks jail and released their comrades. Page110- SoThey Rode and Fought. This was called the Enfield or Enfield-, Pritchett rifle. Guilty.Crown.Complete.English.Dubbed. All Muslim invaders, who attacked India from the north did not distinguish the Hindus from Muslims. The transition of rebellion or a bid for independence is always a slow and, subtle process. between Madina and Mecca Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) paused and revealed to Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. By difference of, Kandhari origin settled at Lucknow in 1788 by the House-8... In 1819 and thus contributed to evolution of laws which it different: ( ). 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