As such, each Christian must make a choice to lift up the poor … According to Amos, God does not want outward shows of religiosity, he is not interested in ceremonies, instead he wants social justice. If all Christians agree that justice is good then perhaps all have a duty to work actively for it. The Latin American bishops' conferences at Medillín (1968) and Puebla (1979) aimed to emphasize the use of option as a verb rather than as a noun. Centre for Humanities Research (Cape Town), Johannesburg Workshop in Theory and Criticism, Makerere Institute of Social Research (Kampala), Unit for the Humanities at Rhodes University (Grahamstown). 25).This resource includes elements of Catholic teaching that highlight this tradition. The specification says that you need to know about the themes of justice and judgement, the poor as the underside of history and reversal and development. This is not a preferential option for the spiritually poor. The basic idea behind the preferential option for the poor is the observation that, within the biblical narrative, God sides with the poor against the rich. theology and its central tenet, "the preferential option for the poor." 5.5 x 8.5. The child is not loved more overall, but in that context that child is sided with because the solidarity is necessary for their wellbeing. This could be compared with a parent who loves all their children equally in an absolute sense but who might have a particular concern for a child who was ill or who was being bullied. The poor are the 'underside of history' (Gutierrez' term) in that they are the ones who are overlooked, neglected and marginalised. (Amos 5:21-24), And tells them exactly how God plans to punish them. But discussions on the preferential option for the poor often get weighed down by the complexity of its very name. Look back at the Marxism notes to make sure that you understand Marxist theory. To do theology from the perspective of the poor (from the underside of history) one must first live alongside the poor. It is an option that Catholicism believes is not optional but morally required. In the context of Latin America it could be said that if the Church did not speak out against the, For example, by preaching that poverty is a, A liberal theologian might argue that it is, Liberation theologians might be guilty of. Liberation theologians like Gustavo Gutierrez thought that achieving justice required a preferential option for the poor. The phrase “preferential option for the poor” was first used in 1968 by the superior general of the Jesuits, Father Pedro Arrupe, in a letter to his order. The father of liberation theology, Gustavo Gutierrez (pictured here), was the first to use the preferential option for the poor as a working theological assumption. Material poverty means premature and unjust death. The spiritually poor are the saints! To do this, the paper utilized the exploratory method of textual analysis. A preferential option for the poor as a firm commitment of thought and action can be extended beyond the boundaries of theology. He penned the now widely used phrase that “God has a preferential option for the poor.” Liberation theology has three elements, Gutierrez … But if you would offer me holocausts, then let justice surge like water, and goodness like an unfailing stream.' it means the transformation of a society structured to benefit … 'God’s love has two dimensions, the universal and the particular; and while there is a tension between the two, there is no contradiction. This is the first topic within the OCR DCT RS liberation theology module. Almost all Christians would say that it is a Christian duty to try to live by God's rules on earth and create a fairer society. Names are important –When people hear the name preferential option for the poor, many get nervous and even more simply confused. 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