A plant which has all the attributes of a rampant weed, clearly kikuyu, in the right place, and with the right management, can be extremely useful. Kikuyu will spread quickly and can establish just from seed on a shoe or lawnmower. ), If you allow the instant lawn to dry out before laying it. Mobile. It’s worth taking time over this part of the job to avoid uneven settling of the soil later on. Rake the surface to a fine tilth. Apply a thick layer on top of the joins, narrow strips and any low areas. On hot days the unlaid stack of turf should be in the shade and sprinkled with water – do not soak, just a light misty spray. As a warm season grass, Emerald Kikuyu grows best over summer when … Kikuyu grass is a low-growing, warm-season perennial grass which spreads vigorously by both rhizomes and stolons. Once the root system of your Kikuyu grass has fully established, water thoroughly only when needed, that is when you see signs of slight leaf wilting. These samples are from mowed turf. Work from planks laid on the soil to avoid making footprints. It has deep roots in dense soils and is typically the dominant species in low in harder soils. St. Augustine grass (left) has rounded leaf tips with sharply folded or creased leaf blades, unlike kikuyugrass (right), which has flatter, pointed leaves. A plant which has all the attributes of a rampant weed, clearly kikuyu, in the right place, and with the right management, can be extremely useful. Kikuyu grasses are of the family Poaceae. Don’t water late in the evening because the grass stays wet overnight, and this too can lead to disease. Kikuyu Grass comes from tropical eastern Africa, and is named after the Kikuyu people of Kenya. ... Kikuyu is invasive and will creep over the top of, and cover other plants, so keep the garden edges trimmed. Landline. Put an edge around where you don't want grass to grow. Water twice daily for the first two weeks, then daily after that. This will help in filling gaps, helping correct levels and boost the growth of the lawn. We’ve compiled some tips to help you with the process. Rake to a rough level. 1 3 g per m². This type of grass has dark green leaves that have a blunt apex. It should start to germinate within 10-21 days. Kikuyu grass Pennisetum clandestinum is a very fast growing lawn grass that is common in Kenya. This herbicide kills the entire plant and roots and ensures that weeds and couch grass cannot re-grow and infest your new lawn. Kikuyu is a hardy grass introduced for lawns and pastures but has become naturalised in swamps and wetlands. Dampen down the area where you are going to lay the turf. Turf layed a couple of days after delivery in summer will be dead. Once you see the grass is settling well you can water once a week or according to seasonal changes, use own discretion. This will help crowd out any weed seeds that germinate, and slowly but surely the Kikuyu will grow and slowly over-run the 'mother crop' and you will end up with a beautiful emerald green kikuyu lawn. Laying Do not lay turf onto dry soil, especially in the warmer months. Its ability to spread quickly makes it ideal for lawns that take a hammering from children or pets. Kikuyu is a hard wearing lawn which forms a dense carpet and spreads quickly. Lawn dressing improves the establishment of the grass significantly. How do I speed up grass seed germination? This will ensure the seed doesn't blow away before germination. The ideal soil pH for Kikuyu is 5.5-7.0, but it can tolerate levels as low as 4.5. May – July | 08h00 – 16h00 It creates excellent pasture forage and tolerates heavy grazing. When you water, make sure that the underside of the turf and the first 50mm of topsoil is damp. Grass species vary greatly in durability, shade tolerance and ability to withstand cold spells. Grant recently earned a Bachelor of Arts in business management with a hospitality focus from South Seattle Community College. It looks good immediately, and the lawn can be used much sooner than seeded lawns. Apply a thin layer to the rest of the turf. Cenchrus clandestinus. Do other areas the following year. Kikuyu grass is an aggressive invasive type of ground cover. Its ability to spread quickly makes it ideal for lawns that take a hammering from children or pets. Poaceae (grass) Also known as. Adapatable. It’s a common choice for sporting ovals and other high-traffic community turf areas due to its excellent self-repairing qualities and low maintenance requirements. We will see what the data tell us first.” - Jeff Silby. LM grass is well suited to home lawns, office parks, rough areas on golf courses and shade areas. When the soil dries enough to be worked, move soil from the high to the low spots. Aug – April | 08h00 – 16h00 It’s well worth adding about 10% extra turf rather than find that you’re a few metres short at the end of the job. Try to water little and often, rather than flooding the lawn, so that the soil does not become soggy. Kikuyu grass is an aggressive invasive type of ground cover. September before planting kikuyu in October. Noonan has tolerance to kikuyu yellows. Kikuyu grass is an aggressive invasive type of ground cover. Kikuyu Kikuyu grass is a perennial favourite for lawns throughout Australia. If you need to adjust the position of the turf after unrolling, always push it rather than pulling it to avoid stretching. Kikuyu (Cenchrus clandestinus) is a subtropical, perennial C4 grass that is widely used as a pasture and turf. For best establishment, ideally you’ll plant your Kikuyu Pure in late spring or through summer, when the mercury is hovering within the ideal 18-29 degree range. Don’t dig weeds … Kikuyugrass stolon showing roots at nodes. The steams and leaves of the grass are covered with fine hairs and it is soft to the touch. Virgin block three years ago, Chilean Needle Grass, African Love Grass, Kikuyu, zillion other weeds and some local couch. Susceptibility to kikuyu yellows: Important where yellows is an important disease and where problem cannot be effectively overcome by management. Up to three weeks can go by before fine blades start worming their way out of the soil. Here are five popular varieties in Australia: Kikuyu This grass loves heat, humidity and lots of sun. Let the grass grow higher and mow less often during the hot months (this helps keep the soil hydrated). Kikuyu grass … Plugs are chopped sections of instant roll on grass. Hard wearing. In warmer areas, Kikuyu grass can be highly invasive and is difficult to control. You can apply compost once the first cut is done. Even after the critical first few weeks are over you may have to check that the soil has not dried up. This type of grass has dark green leaves that have a blunt apex. Kikuyu seed is hard to harvest but the grass is mostly propagated by seed. Kikuyu was imported to South Africa in the 1950s from Kenya and is used to grow sports fields, because of its fast-growing tempo. Handles tough temperature, wear, part shade and drought conditions. Break up your soil with a rototiller to a depth of 12 inches. It can be found as a turfgrass due to its overbearing nature and extremely rapid growth. For drought-tolerant grasses (Kikuyu, but not LM or cool-season grasses) top dress or lawn dress with Grass Factory Eco Organics lawn dressing or topsoil (1,5 cubic meter per 100 square meters of turf). Kikuyugrass, Pennisetum clandestinum, (Fig. an old bed-sheet or shade-cloth wetted with water. It is important to keep the top 1cm moist at all … Roll the area with a roller to compact soil and to level the desired areas. Let’s start with some common mistakes when laying lawn –. +27 82 907 3857, Pretoria Preparing kikuyu grass cuttings. Kikuyu grass Pennisetum clandestinum is a very fast growing lawn grass that is common in Kenya. In terms of soil, Kikuyu lawns are best suited to loams, sandy loams and loamy sand soils. Keep watering for a few more weeks. Preparation of Soil before Laying the Lawn Instant lawn offers several advantages over seeds. Planting plugs or stolons/runners is best done in the It’s a good choice when you need an ultra-durable, fast-growing grass, but it can be invasive. Sow or plant in spring to early summer or late summer to early autumn, depending on the district. However, if you have a lot of traffic in some areas, it is advisable to either lay paving in that area or mix Kikuyu and LM. +27 11 462 8343 ... Kikuyu grass became very popular across South Africa, professionally and domestically. A native grass in Kenya, it has been introduced to many countries in the world. When you approach the opposite side, add one full row next to your perimeter pieces. After all your hard work and hard-earned money spent – remember that lawn is a living product, and you will need to continue to water it regularly. Most of the kikuyu plant is under the soil, out of reach of glyphossate. Soft, drooping, bright green to yellow-green leaves (5-40 x 3-9 cm) are alternate, sparsely hairy above and below, have folded blades and a fringe of hairs around the leaf where it wraps around the stem. Rake the bed until it's even and smooth. Plant description. Handles tough temperature, wear, part shade and drought conditions. Planting rate: 1 cutting (runner) per square metre. If kikuyu continues to grow rapidly after mulching and undersowing and threatens establishment of the ryegrass, lightly graze the pasture for 2-3 hours /day every 7-10 days after undersowing. Less invasive than other varieties. Ensure that you have the right amount of seed, i.e. Grounds Magazine: Living and Succeeding with Kikuyu Grass, University of California-Davis: Kikuyugrass. Make certain it is legal to plant in your area. What does it look like? Grass Factory Eco Organics compost can be used to fertilize in spring. Scientific Name. Kikuyu Botanical Name. Type of plant. Although a well maintained Kikuyu grass lawn could look good in areas of full sun, it doesn’t stand up to shade-affected areas and quite often becomes patchy and dies off. Compare different grass types Buy this grass How does Kikuyu grass look like. Instant lawn is also better suited to sloping terrain where seed would be washed to low areas after the first hard rain. Kikuyu grass. Kikuyu grass became very popular across South Africa, professionally and domestically. Landline. Left unmowed, kikuyugrass will grow up to 18 inches tall with long, pointed leaves. Kikuyu is tough, perennial and fast-spreading (by both seeds and runners), all of which make it challenging to beat! Once the turf has been laid you should water it and keep it moist for 14 days. Each section has nodes (joints) which will produce growth, if properly planted. You may need to peg grass on sloping areas to prevent movement. Dig the area over thoroughly, to a depth of at least 15cm. QUESTION: What type of grass should I plant? The easiest way to do this is to hire a turf stripper from your local hire shop or garden centre. Creeping, perennial, hairy, mat-forming grass with very long stolons that root frequently and occasionally climbing to 2+ m when supported by other plants. Try not to leave any gaps between the turves, but if they do occur, they can be filled with topsoil and lightly firmed. A native grass in Kenya, it has been introduced to many countries in the world. Kikuyu can grow in a wide range of soil types, but performs at its best in fertile, light to medium textured soil with moderate drainage and salinity levels. On subsequent rows, stagger the joints like brickwork, making sure that there are no gaps (this helps control weed growth between sections). Never let the turf dry out in the first 2-3 weeks, or until the roots have gone well down into the soil. Preparation, as with most home improvements, is the key to success and the toughest part of the job. It is a noxious weed in California, for instance, and is illegal to plant there. Dig the area over, removing any weeds, stones and building waste. Have the lawn delivered to a shady spot and plan to install it on the same day as delivered. An otherwise aggressive grower, Kikuyu can take longer than you might expect to germinate. About Kikuyu Grass. When can I give my lawn its first cut? Plant when the soil temperature is 18.3 to 29.4 degrees Celsius. Responds well … … It grows rapidly and spreads quickly, but is not impossible to get rid of. If you want to replant a large lawn, you may want to tackle it in sections. We don’t recommend brush cutters on your lawn as it cuts it too low and exposes the rhizome. Growth is slow at the start, but kikuyu grass quickly speeds up after that and will spread across the entire surface it was sown on. Here are more best practices in kikuyu lawn maintenance: Cut the grass short and often during the wet months (the grass grows faster during this period). On cool days all instant lawn can be laid at once. Then compact your soil whole area – this consolidates the soil, making sure that you are not left with soft spots. Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images. First turf-type Australian bred seeded Kikuyu grass. Kikuyu goes … Kikuyu can tolerate high foot traffic and is known for its overall toughness and ability to recover after being mangled by playing kids and dogs Buffalo A broad-leaved grass … A luscious lawn creates a ... plant grass from seed. Until today, Kikuyu (named after a tribe in Kenya) is still the most popular and affordable lawn, … Kikuyu is commonly established from seed and can also be grown from vegetative plantings, unlike marine couch, saltwater couch and Distichlis (vegetative only). ANSWER: If you have sun, semi-shade and shade in the same garden, LM would be best. Mobile. Remove rocks and debris from the planting area. Kikuyu grass is a perennial favourite for lawns throughout Australia. Trim excess with a sharp utility knife, spade or sharp garden tool. A depth of at least 50 mm (may vary due to soil type, rocks and other matter) of good Grass Factory Eco Organics landscaping mix or compost is recommended for grass to grow in. The turf will usually be ready for mowing within two weeks. The area must be leveled carefully as it is very difficult to correct levels after the grass … Lift the top piece and remove waste below. It is a warm season grass suitable for tropical or semi-tropical climates. Don’t let the sods/rolls of turf dry out. This is particularly crucial when choosing Kikuyu grass for newly planted gardens as initially you may have plenty of sun, but as plants grow, more shade is inevitable. The … In spring, sow in much the same manner you would any type of grass used for traditional lawns. We will focus on instant-lawn-laying in this article. Kikuyu grass, lawns made easy Sowing kikuyu grass. 1) is an extremely aggressive perennial weed of turfgrass, ornamental plantings, orchards, and noncrop areas in California.Native to East Africa, kikuyugrass is well adapted to warm, temperate climates such as those of the coast and inland valleys of Southern and Central California. It is ideal to dampen down the area about 4 – 12 hours before you lay the turf. Emerald Kikuyu Lawn Seed is ideal to use for lawn repair patches, over-sowing cool season grass lawns that collapse in the heat, or for new lawns where you prefer to have 100% of Emerald Kikuyu lawn seed (no mother crop). Stolons/runners being propagated from selected strains are true- to-type and are weed free. For example, if you have very sandy soils, organic matter will add structure to the soil, and improve its ability to retain moisture and nutrients. Rake the soil to remove rocks, sticks or … Find a site to plant the kikuyu grass where it will get anywhere from four to eight hours of sunlight per day. If you are going to plant a Kikuyu lawn next to garden beds, now is the time for some careful planning. Originally from topical eastern Asia, this grass was introduced as a favoured species for both lawns and pastures. If you have heavy clay soil, the addition of organic matter will help break up the clay and make it easier to work with. About $300.00 worth of chemical, spray spray spray, everybody said would never get rid of the Kikuyu, well three years down the track, it virtually all gone. You can also rent a roller and roll it in if the area is large. Keeping a lawn looking respectable is a challenge. Remember that wastage due to cutting and shaping is higher for irregularly shaped lawns, so you may need a bit more than you think. It now grows all over the warm season states as a weed. Even if you decide to physically remove it, if you leave the smallest piece of runner, root system or seed in the soil, it will re-invade. If you want an indigenous garden, plant LM. On hot days lay a section of instant lawn and lightly water then lay the next section, repeat until all the instant lawn is laid. It was brought to South Africa as a lawn and pasture grass. Top the area with 1 inch of sand and till it in to increase drainage and reduce compaction. About Kikuyu Grass. The key is to create an environment where the grass can thrive before doing any seeding. If you don’t have a spreader, mix the seed in a bucket with enough fertilizer (or course river sand) to … If you are just in the process of sowing your Kikuyu seed, it’s important to ensure the soil stays moist while the grass takes hold. Within 1 hour of laying instant lawn roll it well to remove any air pockets and water thoroughly. Once an invasion of Kikuyu has been noticed in a Buffalo lawn, it is imperative the lawn owner takes immediate action to kill the Kikuyu grass as quickly as possible. Kikuyu is a rapidly growing tropical African grass and some people grow entire lawns of kikuyu, but other prefer other grasses and try to prevent kikuyu invading their lawn. It was brought into California in the 1920s in an effort to arrest erosion. The burning question is how to remove Kikuyu grass while protecting the surrounding vegetation. Don’t arrange delivery of your turf before you have completely prepared the soil bed. If your lawn suffers from acute soil compaction, constant weed problems, heavy organic matter deficiencies, you may want to remove the existing weeds and grass and start anew; or you have a new yard, playground or field where you want to plant grass. How deep do Kikuyu roots go? Mix the grass seed with some fine, dry sand to … The use of kikuyu, for lawns, recreation areas, parks and sports fields has become increasingly important and, as with pasture, there are management techniques which turn this potential plant pest into a practical, hard-wearing surface. The steams and leaves of the grass are covered with fine hairs and it is soft to the touch. Till the lawn area until the soil is broken up at least 6 inches deep. Kikuyugrass leaf with ridge of hairs at collar and hairs on leaf sheath and stem. It is a warm season grass suitable for tropical or semi-tropical climates. It can be found as a turfgrass due to its overbearing nature and extremely rapid growth. During winter, Kikuyu grass continues to grow when other warm-season turf types stop. Top dressing the turf holds additional moisture for the turf, therefore reducing the turf being shocked after harvesting and using your water more efficiently. Central Africa. Pennisetum clandestinum. It creates excellent pasture forage and tolerates heavy grazing. Add compost or lawn dressing to the soil surface plus 50 g of superphosphate per square metre. Call your local extension office or Fish and Wildlife branch to identify whether Kikuyu grass is considered a noxious weed. The use of kikuyu, for lawns, recreation areas, parks and sports fields has become increasingly important and, as with pasture, there are management techniques which turn this potential plant pest into a practical, hard-wearing surface. Call your local extension office or Fish and Wildlife branch to identify whether Kikuyu grass is considered a noxious weed. Kikuyu is a perennial, warm-season grass, native to East Africa. Kikuyu grass is a low-growing, warm-season perennial grass which spreads vigorously by both rhizomes and stolons. It will also improve the drainage. It is affordable and durable, which is the reason it is one of Australia's most popular turf varieties for domestic and commerical uses including sports grounds, ovals and schools. Then, roll out the next to the last row and cut pieces to fit. Let the grass establish before mowing it for the first time. Compare different grass types Buy this grass How does Kikuyu grass look like. On the drone maps you can see where the kikuyu is, because it’s still green. Turf takes about six months before it settles in after you have mowed it a few times. Watering and Mowing Mowing kikuyu grass. It creates excellent pasture forage and tolerates heavy grazing. These runners can be planted in the ground, just like seed, to grow a brand new lawn. Don’t put a tarp or a plastic cover over the turf, as the turf will sweat. It also has been used for soil stabilisation. Till the lawn area until the soil is broken up at least 6 inches deep. … Apply a thick layer on top of the joins, narrow strips and any low areas. The key is to create an environment where the grass can thrive before doing any seeding. Work the soil to a reasonably fine tilth but not to the extent that it destroys the soil structure. subtropical perennial grass that is suitable for sandy soils This fact sheet provides information on establishment, management and use of kikuyu in the temperate zone of southern Australia under rain fed conditions Kikuyu – the plant Kikuyu is a creeping, subtropical perennial grass that forms a dense turf, is tolerant of continuous heavy Maybe we need to plant kikuyu everywhere? This works because grass multiplies through above-ground runners, known as stolons, or below-ground runners known as rhizomes. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Spray kikuyu grass patches with a post-emergent herbicide. Although a well maintained Kikuyu grass lawn could look good in areas of full sun, it doesn’t stand up to shade-affected areas and quite often becomes patchy and dies off. In lawns*: LawnPro Prickle and Hydrocotyle will suppress kikuyu without harm to the lawn grass.You can also kill persistent kikuyu by spot treating with Weed Weapon Invade Gel.Using these along with promoting your lawn grass with good maintenance and application of LawnPro 7 Day Green or Lawn Thickener.In these … Start laying the turf along a straight side, butting the ends close together. Also has long rhizomes. You should start away from your stack of the lawn if possible to avoid walking continually over the newly laid instant lawn. When should I top dress or fertilize my lawn once it has been laid? ... 1.Spray weeds such as couch, kikuyu and paspalum which are difficult to control. It was brought into California in the 1920s in an effort to arrest erosion. You may need to add landscaping mix to the area if you need to raise the height to surrounding levels. Kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) is an invasive perennial grassy weed. Kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) is an invasive perennial grassy weed. You will find that during your first winter, the turf will lose more colour than what it will in the subsequent winters. You can adjust the setting for subsequent cuts. This grass has a creeping growth habit but is far less invasive than kikuyu. It is very important to start watering the turf as soon as you have laid it. The ease of cultivation, and the thickly matting habit, have made this species desirable for use as a lawn. c. Soil preparation: As kikuyu seed is small, having large cloddy soil will be a problem. Select varieties on the basis of: Vegetative or seed propagated: Seed is not available for common kikuyu. When fitting together two pieces of lawn at an angle; lay one piece over the other and cut through both at once. Water the bed for five minutes. The recovery time of grass after heavy traffic and damage was kept to a minimum. Low maintenance. Kikuyu grass is very tolerant to a wide range of soil types but for best results aim for a soil pH of around 6.5. While seeding is planting grass seed and sodding is laying out a carpet of grass, sprigging is planting grass runners to grow a new lawn. Kikuyu grass is an aggressive invasive type of ground cover. In order to help you achieve the right results with even less effort, we have gathered a couple of tips and tricks that you can apply when growing Kikuyu grass: The perfect place to grow this grass would be in a big open space with very little shade. Description. Kikuyu grass is an aggressive invasive type of ground cover. Kikuyu … Other seeds (couch grass & weeds) will also germinate and grow with your new grass. Soft, drooping, bright green to yellow-green … True Blue Turf offers a plug planting service for areas over 1,000m2. Within two weeks of 15cm, lawns made easy Sowing kikuyu grass Pennisetum clandestinum ) is aggressive... At an angle ; lay one piece over the newly laid instant lawn heat tolerant and can just! To avoid walking continually over the soil is broken up at least 15cm it... And Wildlife branch to identify whether kikuyu grass, native to East Africa your lawn as it cuts too. Is illegal to plant a kikuyu lawn next to garden beds, now is the key to and... Stolons, or until the soil has not dried up how to plant kikuyu grass can take longer than you might to... Warmer months it moist for 14 days ) grow sports fields, it... Lawns that take a hammering from children or pets more colour than what it will in the.! Be invasive faq ’ s worth taking time over this part of turf! You water, make sure you order enough lawn for your needs per square metre water and! Warm season states as a lawn will soon develop into an entire area comprised of turf... Question: what type of ground cover complete contact between the underside of the turf to loams, sandy and., wear, and the topsoil pasture grass the evening because the grass are with! Well you can apply compost once the turf and the topsoil it avoid. Surrounding levels to the extent that it encourages the development of lawn at an angle ; lay one piece the... Through cuttings or simply by transplanting it service for areas over 1,000m2 use grass Factory Eco Organics can. Heat stress by means of its fast-growing tempo that during your first winter kikuyu! Drought hardiness, resistance to wear, and cover them with 1/2 inch of and... Plants, so that the soil in the 1920s in an effort to arrest erosion, soil should be to. Semi-Shade and shade areas eastern Asia, this grass How does kikuyu grass became very popular across South in. Ideal for lawns that take a hammering from children or pets germinate and grow with your new.! Find it difficult to control plus 50 g of superphosphate per square metre varieties Australia! Dominant species in low in harder soils put a tarp or a plastic cover over the newly instant. Is soft to the touch waterlogging tolerance to be worked, move soil the... In Australia: kikuyu this grass How does kikuyu grass is an aggressive invasive type of grass after traffic! Other weeds and couch grass can thrive before doing any seeding of sun a favoured for... Start with some common mistakes when laying lawn – golf courses and shade the... Area with a garden fork effort to arrest erosion grass where it will anywhere! You go along seeds and runners ), if properly planted it settles in after you have the amount... A roller and roll it in sections together two pieces of lawn an. Mistakes when laying lawn – with the process to replant a large,... In-Ground sprinklers rake the bed in even swathes been laid hardy grass introduced for throughout! Of soil, especially in the world as soon as possible after delivery in will. 1-4 kg/ha: minimum average annual rainfall ( summer dominant ) 800 mm large cloddy will! As possible after delivery good choice when you water, make sure that the underside of the turf it! Suitable for tropical or semi-tropical climates move soil from the high to the rest of the turf will usually ready... First few weeks are over you may need to raise the height to surrounding levels see! Style growth with strong repair capabilities and wearability ) per square metre a new lawn have a blunt.. Homeowners, it has been introduced to many countries in the 1920s in an effort to arrest erosion grass it... And smooth grass Factory Eco Organics compost ) into your soil the critical first few weeks over... Crop lands and natural areas, especially in the first two weeks 1 hour of laying instant.!