Outcome 2 The umu whaangai, 32 which “fed” the tapu of the child, was eaten from by the ruahine (high-ranking female employed to remove tapus). Tapu Māori life was also restricted through the placing of tapu on people and things. Whakanoa is the process of returning something to its normal state by removing the ‘extensions of tapu’. For example, it is important to keep things that are tapu separate from things that are noa. o It is the normal state. explored using explanations and examples of tapu and noa and a model of how objects of tapu interact and interface with each other as proposed by Shirres (1982, 1996). performance criteria 1.1 Tapu and noa are described in relation to the way Māori interact with the natural world. the state of noa indicates that a balance has been reached, a crisis is over, health is restored and life is normal again. L ECTURE 30-31: T ANGI /B URIAL P RACTICES. The general discussion of these concepts has benefited from the insights given by various Māori communities that CIBR has collaborated with on the issue of biowaste management. Then the people became noa (free from tapu).33. Tapu controlled how people behaved towards each other and the environment. 1.2 Two local examples of tapu and noa are identified and described in relation to the way Māori interact with the natural world. Noa is clearly in opposition to the extensions of tapu, but there is no case in GNZMMSS 28 and 31 of noa being in direct opposition to any intrinsic tapu. GNZMMSS 28 and 31 show that the primary tension, the primary clash, is between tapu and tapu, not between tapu and noa. For example, a place where someone has drowned may be said to be tapu until a ceremony is carried out to lift the tapu. 1.2 Two local examples of tapu and noa are identified and described in relation to the way Māori interact with the natural world. Another example are manuhiri welcomed onto the marae; manuhiri are tapu, unknown or special, until a ceremony is carried out to remove the tapu. For example a person can be very tapu if one is very ill of there is bleeding and shedding of blood. This means that to understand the second aspect of tapu, we also need to understand noa. On the contrary, noa and intrinsic tapu go together. Tapu and noa remain part of Māori culture today, although persons today are not subject to the same tapu as that of previous times. After the water rite, the ovens were opened. Noa is similar to a blessing. Tangihanga – Maori Funeral From the moment a person dies t he body will never leF alone as it is s ll in a tapu state an d the spirit may . o Whakanoa is the process from goin g from tapu to noa. The following are some basic practical guidelines to become familiar with; Do not pass food over a person’s head … This paper discusses three concepts, mana, tapu and noa, that lie at the heart of Maori culture. Noa ... (concluding the removal of tapu in this process). Performance criteria 1.1 Tapu and noa are described in relation to the way Māori interact with the natural world. Once these tapu-increasing symptoms have passed the person returns to a safe state, but still has personal tapu . Noa. element 2 Describe tapu and noa in relation to the way Māori interact with the natural world. Tapu and noa are key concepts that underpin many practices. While this meaning of tapu is something set apart as sacred, noa means a safe and unrestricted state—but still with the ‘intrinsic tapu’ intact. o It is the complimentary o pposite of tapu. Noa, on the other hand, lifts the tapu from the person or the object. 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